American slaves ‘emancipated’ in Monaghan

“Hoeing Rice” near Savannah, Georgia (c. 1880). Printed and photographed by Pierre O. Havens. Credit: NMAAHC

If a master carry his slave to Ireland to set him free, or while there assent in any way to his freedom, there can be no objection to the validity of freedom thus acquired.

A master carried from Georgia, his slave, Patrick, to Ireland and there died. While there he executed a will and a codicil thereto. The codicil contained the following clause: “I will and bequeath the sum of £50 sterling to the black child whom I brought to this place, called Patrick, and I allow my wife to take care of him, to give him a good education, and when he arrives at the proper age, to send him to a decent trade.” By his will, the testator had directed all his slaves, including Patrick, to be set free in Georgia, or sent where they could be free. Held that the above clause of the codicil was an acknowledgment by the master, that Patrick was free, by his consent.

Summary of the Case

Before O’Neall, J., at Edgefield, Spring Term, 1850.



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Liam Hogan

Liam Hogan

Librarian & Historian. Researching and writing about slavery, memory and power. Ko-Fi